Literary Connections:


Artist Connection

Some background: Joseph Stella, an Italian immigrant, arrived in New York City during a time of never-before seen urban growth. He described himself as a "futurist".

Futurism was an Italian art movement that flourished from 1909 to about 1916. It was the first of many art movements that tried to break with the past in all areas of life. Futurism glorified the power, speed, and excitement that characterized the machine age. From the French Cubist painters and multiple-exposure photography, the Futurists learned to break up realistic forms into multiple images and overlapping fragments of color. By such means, they attempted to portray the energy and speed of modern life. In literature, Futurism demanded the abolition of traditional sentence structures and verse forms.
Source: Hyland, Douglas K. S. "Futurism." World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 29 Dec. 2010.

Historical Connection

Literary Connection

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Brooklyn, 1875. "A beautiful and richly drawn family saga set against the volatile backdrop of an ever-expanding city landscape, WATER STREET is historical fiction at its best. Giff does a superb job of slipping in factual details for kids to sink their teeth into and discuss (i.e. the side story of the Roebling family: John Roebling, the engineer responsible for designing the Brooklyn Bridge; his predecessor and son, Washington, who also contracted caisson's disease; and Washington's wife, Emily, who ultimately took over for Washington and saw the project through to its completion). She expertly captures the feelings of hope and excitement that reverberated throughout late 19th century New York, despite the gritty and cramped living conditions, and poetically instills the Bridge with a personality all its own"


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